THIS SYLLABUS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS
HIST 428: Adventures in Digital History
Office Hours: By appointment. I have two offices (GW 105 and one in the History & American Studies suite in Monroe), but most days I will be in GW Hall. You can also contact me via Canvas message and Teams chat.
This seminar will focus on the process of creating digital history. The course readings, workshops, and discussions will be aimed at exposing students to the philosophy and practice of the field of Digital History (sometimes called Digital Humanities or Digital Liberal Arts). The course will be centered on five digital history projects, all of which are related to making local resources available online. These projects will include the creation of a digital companion site to the physical mural in Jepson planned to celebrate Dr. Venus Jones (VJM), creating a new digital exhibit utilizing scans of a World War II-era scrapbook (WWS), building a digital repository/exhibit of archival materials and board information of Mary Washington College’s time as part of UVA (and a timeline of name changes over its history) (MWH), building on existing projects and creating a digital history of James Farmer Hall and its naming(s) (JFH), refreshing, restoring, and rescuing previous Adventures in Digital History sites over the last 14 years. This course counts in the History Major, the American Studies Major, the Museum Studies Minor, the Communication and Digital Studies Major, as a capstone course in the Digital Studies Minor, and for the Digital Intensive General Education Requirement.
Departmental Learning Objectives
- Ability to utilize technological resources in research, data analysis, and presentation.
- Appreciation of the diversity of methods and processes.
- Ability to make discipline-specific oral presentations to groups.
- Ability to communicate in a group setting.
- Ability to conduct research in multiple sites.
Every student and group will:
1) Complete a group project based on a contract made between the group and the professor
2) Post weekly progress reports on your own DoOO-based blog
3) Regularly present to the class about the status of your project
4) Participate in class discussions of readings, videos, and the process of creating digital history
5) Participate in class workshops related to specific programs
6) Create or refine a digital résumé or e-portfolio for yourself.
7) Make project data available in an easily downloadable form and consider accessibility throughout.
8) At end of the semester, complete a brief paper/blog post reflecting on the process and defending your project as contracted
9) Make any changes to the project required by the professor after the final version is completed.
Students are expected to attend all classes (be they virtual or in-person), review all assigned texts/media, and participate in class. Laptops are not required, but it will often be easier to have your own computer when in-person as you learn new skills, hear about various tools, explore particular web sites, and work on your own digital projects. [Projects are due at the start of class (9:30 AM) on the day they are due.]
A note about this semester and this class
This class is not the most important thing in your life. It’s not the most important thing in mine. Don’t get me wrong, there’s much to learn here and I love and have so much fun exploring these topics with you and your classmates. But take care of yourself. Reach out to me if there are things in your life that end up taking precedence over this class. Let’s talk about them.
Students are expected to attend all classes having read the assigned material. Class participation includes actively participating in daily discussions and responding to class presentations. To that end, for each class for which there are readings/videos, students should also prepare a list of comments on the material (parallels, problems, factual questions, reminders of past readings, connections to ideas from other classes or from “real life”) so that they have those points in front of them for the discussion. Although I have no current plan to collect these comments, I reserve the right to do so at some point during the semester.
Narrating the planning, research, and implementation processes via your blogs is a central part of the class and a way for me to measure your effort, your creativity, and your progress as digital scholars. Blog about your problems as well as your successes. Be sure to comment on each others’ blogs and help each other out. This is a community of people going through similar efforts that you can tap into, so do so. [As you comment, follow ProfHacker’s guidelines for commenting.] Weekly posts & comments are a minimum expectation of the class.
Daniel J. Cohen & Roy Rosenzweig, Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web (2006). Available at http://chnm.gmu.edu/digitalhistory/ .
Other texts for this semester are also available on-line.
Final grades will be determined based on class participation (including blogging, mini assignments, and regular presentations to the class) (35%), on performance on the group contract (5%) and group project (50%), and on the quality of the final formal presentations on the group projects (10%). [Unsatisfactory mid-semester reports will be reported for anyone with a grade of D or below at that time.]
I believe in the Honor Code as an essential, positive component of the Mary Washington experience. You should know that if you cheat or plagiarize in this class, you will fail, and I will take you to the Honor Council, so do not do it. On the other hand, I also believe that having friends or family read and comment on your writing can be extremely helpful and falls within the bounds of the Honor Code (assuming the writing itself remains yours). If you have questions about these issues, then you should talk to me sooner rather than later.
Group Projects — See Project Outlines.
Each group will create contracts with me about their projects. The contracts are due Monday, February 7 (BY NOON), though each will need to be approved by me & may need to be tweaked before that happens. Each contract must include:
- Mission statement (describe project)
- Include audience and advertising and project/data sustainability models
- Tools planning on using
- Include suggested location for project URL (“slug”) on umwhistory.org
- Schedule of milestones (when critical pieces are completed and/or ready to present)
- Basic division of labor and project roles
NOTE: These contracts may be revised as the semester goes on, though only with good reasons and only after a meeting with me.
NOTE #2: Although each group will receive one shared grade for their contract, on the final project everyone will earn an individual and a group project grade, which will be averaged together to make each person’s project grade.
During Week 9, we will discuss ways of showcasing your work (digital and otherwise) in an electronic portfolio. Each student will be expected to create their own (or share an existing) digital résumé by Tuesday of that week.
Regular Presentations (Updates)
Starting in week 7, each group will be expected to make weekly status updates in class (typically) on Thursdays on its progress toward their projects.
End of the Semester (Public) Presentations
At the end of the semester each group will make a formal, public 8-10 minute presentation summarizing their project. More on this later in the semester.
Reflection post/defense of contract
In the last week of the semester, each person will be expected to write a brief blog post or paper (your choice). This paper (~1-2 pages/~500 words) should reflect on the process and defend your group’s project as contracted.
Format of class meetings
Although this is, for the most part, a traditional face-to-face class, some of our class sessions will take place virtually, including when we have inclement weather or COVID concerns. Sometimes that work will be asynchronous with groups or individuals working on their own, and sometimes the session will take place synchronously via Zoom videoconferencing. More information about this before it happens.
Why are we reading a 16-year old book about Digital History?
Our “text” is Cohen and Rosenzweig’s Digital History, written in 2006. While it remains useful in bringing up key issues for those considering creating digital history projects, it is also a piece of digital history itself. For each week that we read a chapter or two of Digital History, I’ll offer extra credit if you write a blog post in which you identify passages or concepts that need to be updated (be precise), find current sources (at least 2020 or newer), and summarize how the section should be updated. Tag these posts “DHUpdate2022”. We will also work as a class in Week 12 to update the text via annotation.
The Office of Disability Resources (ODR) has been designated by the University as the primary office to guide, counsel, and assist students with disabilities. If you receive services through the Office of Disability Services and require accommodations for this class, please make an appointment with me as soon as possible to discuss your approved accommodation needs. Bring your accommodation letter with you to the appointment. I will hold any information you share with me in strictest confidence unless you give me permission to do otherwise.
If you have not made contact with the Office of Disability Resources and have reasonable accommodation needs, I will be happy to help you contact them. The office will require appropriate documentation of a disability.
- Phone: 540-654-1266
- Website: academics.umw.edu/disability
- Location: Seacobeck Hall 005
Food and Housing
Any student who has difficulty affording groceries or accessing sufficient food to eat every day, or who lacks a safe and stable place to live, and believes this may affect their performance in the course, is urged to contact the Office of Student Life (x1200) for support. Furthermore, please notify me (if you are comfortable in doing so). This will enable me to help connect you to those resources.
I am committed to supporting students and upholding the University’s Policy on Sexual and Gender Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence. Under Title IX and this Policy, discrimination based upon sex or gender is prohibited. If you experience an incident of sex or gender based discrimination, I encourage you to report it. While you may talk to me, understand that as a “Responsible Employee” of the University, I MUST report to UMW’s Title IX Coordinator what you share. If you wish to speak to someone confidentially, please contact the below confidential resources. They can connect you with support services and help you explore your options. You may also seek assistance from UMW’s Title IX Coordinator. Please visit http://diversity.umw.edu/title-ix/ to view UMW’s Policy on Sexual and Gender Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence and to find further information on support and resources.
Terri Arthur, Interim Title IX Coordinator
Fairfax House, 1301 College Ave, Fredericksburg, VA 22401
Phone: (540) 654-2051
Confidential On Campus Resources
Talley Center for Counseling Services
Lee Hall 106 (540) 654-1053
Student Health Center
Lee Hall 112 (540) 654-1040
Confidential Off Campus Resources
Empowerhouse – Supporting survivors of domestic violence
24-hour services: (540) 373-9373
Rappahannock Council Against Sexual Assault (RCASA)
(540) 371-6771; 24-hour services: (540) 371-1666
Recording Policy Statement
In this class, students may not make audio or video recordings of any course activity unless the student has an approved accommodation from the Office of Disability Resources permitting the recording class meetings. In such cases, the accommodation letter must be presented to the instructor in advance of any recording being done and all students in the course will be notified whenever recording will be taking place. Students who are permitted to record classes are not permitted to redistribute audio or video recordings of statements or comments from the course to individuals who are not students in the course without the express permission of the faculty member and of any students who are recorded. Distribution without permission is a violation of educational privacy law. This policy is consistent with UMW’s Policy on Recording Class and Distribution of Course Materials.
All students are expected to adhere to the policies and expectations of the University to mitigate risk and support the health and safety of the UMW community, including refraining from attending class if experiencing symptoms. A comprehensive set of the current policies and expectations can be found at the COVID-19 information page.
This includes the requirement that all unvaccinated employees, students and visitors are required to wear masks inside any university building and are strongly encouraged to do so when outside in group settings.
UMW policy ALSO stipulates that all employees, students, and visitors, regardless of vaccination or booster status, must wear masks indoors in public spaces (which includes all classrooms, laboratories, meeting spaces, foyers and hallways, and auditoriums) until further notice. The use of KN-95 masks or equivalent is highly encouraged.
Changes to this requirement will be communicated to the campus community by the COVID-19 Director (that’s me!) and updated at the university’s COVID-19 information page.
No food is permitted in classrooms and other instructional areas; drinks permitted in closed containers only and not in areas where expressly prohibited.
Failure to comply with UMW policies and expectations will result in disciplinary action consistent with the Student Code of Conduct.
Digital Knowledge Center
The Digital Knowledge Center (DKC), located in HCC 408, provides UMW students with peer tutoring on digital projects and assignments. Any student at the University can take advantage of the Center’s services by scheduling an appointment to work one-on-one or in a group with a student tutor. You can schedule a tutorial through EAB and at http://dkc.umw.edu; while appointments are not required, they are recommended. Tutorials cover a wide range of topics related to common digital systems, technologies, new media, and tools used in courses at UMW. DKC tutors adhere to the UMW Honor Code during all appointments. They are available to provide guidance and advice, but they cannot create, produce, or edit work on a student’s behalf.
Help Desk (Computer Issues)
If you are having difficulties with Canvas or connecting to online University resources, seek assistance from the Help Desk:
- Call 540‐654‐2255 or leave a voicemail
- Send an email message to: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Submit your problem via online form: http://technology.umw.edu/helpdesk/submit-a-service-request/
- Website (with operating hours): https://technology.umw.edu/helpdesk/
The Simpson Library provides access to important physical and online resources and spaces. Computers, printers, scanners, and study rooms are available for students, faculty, and staff. Research librarians are available to assist you via phone, email, chat, or face-to-face.
Online databases, research guides, and e-books are accessible off-campus by using your network ID and password. An online interlibrary loan service is also available so that students can request books and articles not available at the Simpson Library.
- Website: http://libraries.umw.edu/
- Help: email@example.com, 540-654-1148
- Research Librarians: https://libraries.umw.edu/reference/
- Hours: http://libraries.umw.edu/hours-and-directions/
The UMW Speaking Center provides students support for speaking and communication assignments: presentations, debates, group presentations, interviews, leading class discussions, and more. You can schedule an online appointment on our website. Please ensure you are choosing the appropriate appointment type and date.
- Appointments: https://academics.umw.edu/speaking/speaking-center/schedule-an-appointment/
- Website: https://academics.umw.edu/speaking/speaking-center/
- Office Location: Hurley Convergence Center (HCC), Suite 429
- Phone: 540-654-1347
The UMW Writing Center offers assistance on all types of writing projects: reports, papers, cover letters and resumes, research projects, and citations. The Writing Center can also help you prepare for in-class essay exams and for standardized tests that include essays such as the Praxis I writing exam.
If you are an online, commuter or Stafford Campus student, you can schedule online or face-to-face appointments. Please ensure you are choosing the appropriate appointment type and date.
- Phone: 540-654-5653
- Website: https://academics.umw.edu/writing-fredericksburg
- Office Location: Hurley Convergence Center (HCC), Room 430
Reading: Read Cohen & Rosenzweig, Digital History, Introduction, Ch. 1; Stephen Robertson, “The Differences between Digital Humanities and Digital History“; How did they make that? Skim also AHA Resources on Digital History (Specifically this on project roles and this glossary of Digital History terms); Wikipedia definitions of Digital History & Digital Humanities; Lauren Tilton et al., “Introduction: American Quarterly in the Digital Sphere,” American Quarterly 70, no. 3 (September 29, 2018): 361–70, https://doi.org/10.1353/aq.2018.0026.
Assignments due Thursday:
- Join the Teams site for class, if you haven’t already, and the specific channel for your group.
- Use your existing Twitter account (or set up a Twitter account) and follow me (@jmcclurken) and/or your classmates and/or at least three of the scholars from Jason Kelly’s list of Digital Humanities on Twitter. If you tweet about our class (and I encourage you to do so) use the hashtag #ADH2020. [You can also follow related hashtags at #DigitalHistory & #dh.]
- Install a (new) WordPress blog on your Domain of One’s Own account. [If you’re using an existing blog, you’ll need to create a category for your posts for this class.]
- Message me on Teams with the URL to the site.
- Write and publish first blog post on 1) Why you’re taking the class and 2) What is Digital History? What is Digital Humanities? How are they different?
- Don’t forget that if you are having trouble with digital tools, take advantage of the terrific Digital Knowledge Center where student tutors can help you!
Jan. 13 — Digital Workshop — Omeka (Led by Angie Kemp); Group meetings
Before Tuesday, January 18
- Review at least two Omeka sites from this list of examples or Histories of the National Mall or this list of examples and post about them on your blog.
For Additional Reference — Miriam Posner, “Up and Running with Omeka.net,” and “Creating an Omeka.net Exhibit,” The Programming Historian, 2 [Note that this topic is for a hosted Omeka account. You could also create an Omeka installation in your Domain of One’s Own account.]
Jan. 18 — Digital Workshop – Mapping and Timeline Tools
Jan. 20 — Exploring Other Digital History Projects — Group Meeting
For Thursday, check out:
- Review at least one site from this list of Rosenzweig Prize Recipients.
- Review at least two sites from this list: Valley of the Shadow; Gilded Age Murder; Map Scholar; University of Houston’s Digital History site; The Spread of Slavery; Emile Davis Diaries; any of several sites at the Digital Scholarship Lab; Mapping the Republic of Letters; Virtual Paul’s Cross Project; Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database; St. John’s Micro History Mapping Project; Newspapers in Houston.
- Go to the Journal of American History and look at the latest issue to find the Digital History Reviews. Pick at least one of the projects reviewed and look at that project.
Blogging assignment for Thursday: Based on your review of the Digital History projects above: Think about what you like about these digital projects as a whole, and what you don’t. What works and what doesn’t? What elements would you want to incorporate and which do you want to avoid in your own project? When was the site created and are there any signs of that time of creation? What sources do they use and present and how?
During Thursday’s class, each group should post a summary of their discussions (to one group member’s class blog) about the other DH sites and how that impacts their own ideas about their projects.
For more on when and why historians began to focus on mapping and space, see Jo Guldi’s “The Spatial Turn in History.”
Lincoln Mullen, “Spatial History tools”
More generally, for advanced topics in digital history, check out the other lessons in the Programming Historian.
Assignments for Tuesday, January 25:
Build a basic map in StoryMapJS or any of the other mapping tools you’ve learned about AND a basic timeline in TimeLineJS or a similar tool with at least five events. As an alternative assignment, complete one of the lessons in the Programming Historian and blog about your experience
Jan. 25 — Digital Workshop – Media Recording and Editing
Jan. 27 — Podcasting, Digital Archives and Issues of Digitization — Group Meeting
Reading for Tuesday: Cohen & Rosenzweig, Digital History, Chapter 3, Chapter 6; Trevor Owens, “What do you mean by archive?”. Skim Sadie Bergen, “History on the Download: Podcasting the Past” and Jennifer Billock, “Five Augmented Reality Experiences That Bring Museum Exhibits to Life”
By Thursday, check out at least five of the following digital projects: Hurricane Digital Memory Bank, September 11 Digital Archive, Footnote.com; JSTOR; Internet Archive; Famous Law trials; Photogrammar; Lost & Found Archive Project, Searching for Residential Schools, American Archive of Public Broadcasting.
Also by Thursday: Create a quick (less than two minute) video about some aspect of your group’s project. Embed on your WordPress site in a blog post about the experience and about how you might use them in your project.
- For more information on the nuts-and-bolts process of digitization, see http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/personalarchiving/index.html
- For more on spatial history, see http://www.stanford.edu/group/spatialhistory/cgi-bin/site/pub.php?id=29
- For more on archives as a profession, see Kate Theimer, The role of “the professional discipline” in archives and digital archives, Feb. 17, 2014
- And on the other side of creating collections of digital objects, there’s the problem of getting people to look at them. One creative answer is a museum Twitter Bot. See Steven Lubar’s piece for more.
- Popular Mechanics list of history podcasts
- “3D/VR in the Academic Library: Emerging Practices and Trends” by Jennifer Grayburn, Zack Lischer-Katz, Kristina Golubiewski-Davis, and Veronica Ikeshoji-Orlati, editors
Feb. 1 — Digital Workshop – Accessibility and Project Management
Feb. 3 — Group Meeting (plus Topic Modeling, Text Mining, and Network Analysis (and the Programming Historian))
Reading: Cohen & Rosenzweig, Digital History, Ch. 5 (we’ll discuss this next week, but it’s important to read before you complete your group contracts).
See also Rob Nelson, Mining the Dispatch; Megan Brett, “Topic Modeling: A Basic Introduction,” Journal of Digital Humanities, 2012; Topic Modeling and Mallet, The Programming Historian; Voyant Tools; Scott Weingart, “Demystifying Networks: Part 1 of n“; Review the draft introduction to Digital History Methods using R
Group Contracts are due as shared Google Doc from each group on Monday, February 7 (BY NOON)
Feb. 8 — Group Meeting and Planning — discussions of contract proposals
Feb. 10 — Thinking About and Building an Audience — Discuss C&R, Ch. 5
Revised Contracts are due by Noon on Friday, February 11.
Feb. 15 — Group Meeting and Planning
Feb. 17 — Copyright and Wikipedia and Open Source: What’s the Big Deal?
Reading: Cohen & Rosenzweig, Digital History, Ch.7; http://creativecommons.org/; Stanford’s guide to fair use; Jimmy Wales (2005) How a Ragtag Band Created Wikipedia (watch at TED.com); Manuscript on “History Can Be Open Source,” under open review for the American Historical Review.
Other resources: Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video; 2007 documentary on copyright (and music and video remixing); 120+ places to find Creative Commons media.
Blog Assignment: 1) Look at the History and Discussion tabs of several Wikipedia history entries and write about what you see. 2) Consider what Creative Commons License you might use for your own site. What role does copyright play in the resources you are working with this semester?
Feb. 22 — Group Meeting and Planning
Feb. 24 — All groups present 7-8 minute progress reports
Mar. 8 — Group Meeting and Planning
Mar. 10 — All groups present 7-8 minute progress reports.
Assignment: Via private message to me in Teams, write a paragraph summary of your group’s successes and problems so far.
Mar. 15 —Building a Digital Résumé or E-portfolio; Digital Identity
Readings: Read/look at five of these and write a post on five lessons you learned from them about digital identity.
- http://hirehassan.com/; https://alyssakbrown.com; Matthew Binamira Sanders (matthewbsanders.com); Stella Swope (swopevideo.com); Matt’s Website (mattswebsite.net);
- http://mcclurken.org/; https://jmjohnso.squarespace.com/; https://rebeccawingo.com/
- Creating Your Web Presence: A Primer for Academics
- Professors, Start Your Blogs
- Footprints in the Digital Age, Will Richardson: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/nov08/vol66/num03/Footprints-in-the-Digital-Age.aspx
- Personal branding in the age of Google, Seth Godin, http://sethgodin.typepad.com/seths_blog/2009/02/personal-branding-in-the-age-of-google.html
- Digital Tattoo, http://digitaltattoo.ubc.ca/
- Personal Cyberinfrastructure: https://er.educause.edu/articles/2009/9/a-personal-cyberinfrastructurehttp://www.educause.edu/ero/article/personal-cyberinfrastructure
- Who Owns the Digital You? (Three Parts) http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tim-chambers/who-owns-the-digital-you_b_789348.html
- Bonnie Stewart’s “Digital Identities: Six Key Selves of Networked Publics“
- “How to See What the Internet Knows About You (And How to Stop It),” Tim Herrera, 7/3/17,
- Controlling Your Public Appearance, danah boyd, http://www.zephoria.org/thoughts/archives/2007/09/07/controlling_you.html
Assignment due by March 17: Create your own Digital Portfolio
Mar. 17 — Group Meeting and Planning
Mar. 22 — All groups present 7-8 minute progress reports.
Mar. 24 — Impact of Digital History on Historians and on the Practice of History
Thursday Reading and Assignment: Read Cameron Blevins and Sheila Brennan in the 2016 Debates in Digital Humanities. Read the Archives 2.0 article here. Pick one article from this set in the AHA’s Perspectives (2007) or one article from Writing History in the Digital Age (2011) or read Cameron Blevins and Christy Hyman’s new article on “Digital History and the Civil War Era.” The Journal of the Civil War Era 12, no. 1 (2022): 80-104. Review interview with Sharon Leon on the Digital in the Humanities. Check out the AHA’s guidelines for the evaluation of Digital Scholarship. Look over the guidelines for reviewing Digital History projects for the Journal of American History. Blog about what you see as the key change(s) for historians in an increasingly digital world.
See also, “Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Historians,” http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-changing-research-practices-historians.
Mar. 29 — Annotating Digital History for 2022 — Using Hypothes.is and working in small groups, we will identify areas to be updated in the online text with suggested resources.
Mar. 31 — All groups present 10-minute progress reports.
Apr. 5 — Group Meeting and Planning
Apr. 7 — Projects due — quick meeting to discuss process —
NOTE: Given that these are public projects, students will commit to fixing issues found by Professor McClurken during the final evaluation of projects.
Projects due April 7 at the start of class. Reflection paper/blog post due April 21.
Apr. 12 — Meeting with each group to continue to discuss needed changes (if Professor McClurken has finished reviewing them by then)
Apr. 14 — All groups present 10-minute progress reports.
Apr. 19 — Final revisions due
Apr. 21 — Reflection paper/blog post due. Prep symposium presentations.
Apr. 22 — Formal presentations in Monroe 210 as part of History & American Studies Symposium
Public presentations of projects will be at the History/AMST symposium on April 22
Brief paper/blog post due April 21 (~1-2 pages/~500 words) reflecting on the process and defending your project as contracted.
Tuesday, April 26, 9:30-11 AM — Exam Period — A Summary Discussion of Digital History
* Many of my choices for readings here are indebted to the work and teaching of Bill Turkel, Dan Cohen, Ethan Watrall, Martha Burtis, Sharon Leon, Miriam Posner, Anelise Hanson Shrout, Erin Bush, Julian Chambliss, and Trevor Owens.